How works electoral college

Only Maine and Nebraska have chosen to deviate from this method, instead allocating electoral votes to the victor in each House district and a two-electoral-vote bonus to the statewide winner. Regardless of party affiliation, many Americans are relieved to see a bitter and contentious presidential election coming to a close on Tuesday.

Suffice it to say, Americans have the right to challenge the hegemony of the two-party system. The next step is the casting of the vote for vice president, which follows a similar pattern.

The person who received the most votes from the electors would become president. Usually, political parties nominate electors at their state conventions. BlairU.

It would end the spoiler dynamic of third party and independent candidates and consistently produce a majority, nationwide winner. They cast their votes then, and those votes are sent to the President of the Senate who reads them before both houses of Congress on January 6th.

Contingent presidential election by House[ edit ] The Twelfth Amendment requires the House of Representatives to go into session immediately to vote for a president if no candidate for president receives a majority of the electoral votes sinceof the electoral votes.

When voters go to the polls on Tuesday, they will be choosing which candidate receives their state's electors. Binding Proposal Professor and author, Judith A.

The votes that really matter are the electoral college votes. At worst, the encumbrance of electoral votes and state blocs might spoil many of the advantages of true preferential voting for selecting the candidate who truly best represents a popular mandate.

Maine and Nebraska use the "congressional district method", selecting one elector within each congressional district by popular vote and selecting the remaining two electors by a statewide popular vote.

Even the first version might just possibly be able to be shoehorned into the space allowed by the present constitution, if the Supreme Court would allow each state to make its final choice of electors based on vote totals announced by the other states.

In my youth I would have supported such a reform. But Gore lost the electoral college by a vote of to The burden could be minimized if voters only mark their top two or three or four choices, but this slightly increases the likelihood of the winner not showing a true majority.

This situation is the same for the second place party in every state. But then, the election makes it clear that we have to replace a lot of bad voting equipment already. Since the framers had not anticipated party-line voting and there was no mechanism for indicating a separate choice for president and vice president, the tie had to be broken by the Federalist -controlled House of Representatives.

However, two-thirds of the senators must be present for voting to take place. My suspicion, in fact, is that the election probably went the same way in the parallel universe without an Electoral College.

Electoral College (United States)

The electoral votes of each state would go to whoever got the most approval votes in that state, or could be split proportionally among candidates according to their approval vote totals. In Germany, the members of the federal parliament together with an equal number of people elected from the state parliaments constitute the Federal Conventionthat exists for the only purpose of electing the non-executive head of state.

Also, while the current system causes the candidates to pay the most attention to just a handful of states, the Congressional District method would actually make their attention even more tunneled.

Consequently, fewer voters may go to the polls in those states. The first possibility is the most obvious and most frequently discussed one: In 48 of the 50 states, the candidate who receives the most popular votes wins all that state's electoral votes.

Florida, another critical swing state has 29 electoral-college votes comprised of 27 congress members in the House, and two senators. There would always be a tradeoff to make between having the voters make more secondary choices fifth best, sixth best, and so on which would improve certainty when there are lots of candidates, vs.

There they vote for president and vice president. No voter would be frozen out of the pre-selection process within a party because of variations in state laws. The House of Representatives has chosen the president only twice: A tie for vice president would be broken by the Senate.

So, You Say You Want To Get Rid Of The Electoral College, Eh?

In many states the names of the electors do not even appear on the ballot. According to the 12th Amendment, Congress cannot formally count the electoral college votes until Jan. Electors meet in their respective state capitals electors for the District of Columbia meet within the District on the Monday after the second Wednesday in December, at which time they cast their electoral votes on separate ballots for president and vice president.

It is, I believe, a major contributor to voter apathy. The meeting is opened by the election certification official — often that state's secretary of state or equivalent — who reads the Certificate of Ascertainment. Claim: "The Electoral College is much more advantageous for Democrats."False.

Options for Electoral College Reform The recent presidential election has re-raised the question of electoral college reform, since the presumptive winner of the electoral college lost the popular vote, like Benjamin Harrison did in The official U.S.

Electoral College web site, providing current information about the presidential election, information about the roles and responsibilities of state officials and Electors, instructions for state officials and Electors, the timeline of key dates for the presidential election, information about laws and legal requirements related to the presidential election and the Electors.

The official U.S. Electoral College web site, providing current information about the presidential election, information about the roles and responsibilities of state officials and Electors, instructions for state officials and Electors, the timeline of key dates for the presidential election, information about laws and legal requirements related to the presidential election and the Electors.

The fundamental concern with the Electoral College is its representational unreliability; i.e., the risk that the electoral vote will contradict the popular vote. The primary purpose of this section is to show that the EC's representational unreliability is a direct consequence of our undersized House of Representatives.

Abstract: The National Popular Vote (NPV) plan is the latest in a long line of schemes designed to replace the Electoral College.

Imbued with the ideals of this nation’s Founders, the Electoral.

How works electoral college
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Donald Trump's questionable claim that Electoral College favors the Democrats | PolitiFact